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Statistical Appendix

Date



List of Charts and Tables

Charts Page

International Economy

1. Selected International Indicators 58

National Accounts

2. Contributions to Trend GDP Growth 60

Tables

National Accounts

1. Components of Gross Domestic Product 61

2. Contributions to Change in Gross Domestic Product 62

3. Gross Product by Industry 63

Incomes, Costs and Prices

4. Real Household Income 64

5. Wages, Labour Costs and Company Income 65

6. Prices 66

7. Labour Market 67

External Sector

8. Balance of Payments 68

9. Australia’s External Liabilities 69

10. Australia’s Income Flows 70

11. Selected Economic Indicators 71

Key to Tables

n.a. not available

n.y.a. not yet available

.. change less than 0.05 per cent

Chart 1: Selected International Indicators

Panel A: Short-term Interest Rates(a)

Panel A: Short-term Interest Rates(a)

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(a) Short-term interest rates are monthly average and defined as follows: US - 3-month certificates of deposits, Japan - 3-month certificates of deposit, Australia - 90-day bank accepted bills and Germany - 3-month FIBOR.

Source: OECD Main Economic Indicators.

Panel B: Real Output(a)

Panel B: Real Output(a)

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(a) Seasonally adjusted real GDP growth for each major trading partner is weighted by their respective shares of total Australian merchandise exports from 1995-96 to 1997-98. The major trading partners are composed of OECD and Asian major trading partners. Major trading partners from the OECD countries include the G7 (Japan, US, UK, Germany, France, Italy and Canada) and New Zealand. Asian major trading partners comprise South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, China, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines.


Chart 1: Selected International Indicators

Panel C: Current Account Balances(a)

Panel C: Current Account Balances(a)</p>

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(a) Data are seasonally adjusted. Germany refers to Western Germany until June 1990, unified Germany thereafter.

Source: All the data are sourced from statistical agencies of respective countries, except Germany, which is sourced from the OECD Main Economic Indicators.


Panel D: Consumer Price Inflation(a)

Panel D: Consumer Price Inflation(a)

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(a) The aggregate inflation rates are derived as the weighted average of inflation rates of individual trading partners, with the weights being their respective shares of Australian total merchandise trade from 1995-96 to 1997-98.

Data for major trading partners (MTP) is sourced from the ABS All Groups (excluding housing) CPI measure for the countries for which it is available and this includes US, Japan, Germany, UK, New Zealand, Canada, South Korea, Singapore, Indonesia, Taiwan and Hong Kong. For the rest of Australia’s MTP (France, Italy, China, Malaysia, Thailand and the Philippines), the CPI are sourced from each country’s respective all groups CPI series which exclude the effect of mortgage interest rates changes.

Chart 2: Contributions to Trend Quarterly GDP Growth

(Average 1996-97 Prices)

Chart 2: Contributions to Trend Quarterly GDP Growth

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Table 1: Components of Gross Domestic Product (chain volume measures)

Table 1: Components of Gross Domestic Product (chain volume measures)

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Source: ABS Cat. No. 5206.0.

Table 2: Contributions to Change in Gross Domestic Product (chain volume measures)

Table 2: Contributions to Change in Gross Domestic Product (chain volume measures)

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Source: ABS Cat. No. 5206.0.

Table 3: Gross Product by Industry (chain volume measures)

Table 3: Gross Product by Industry (chain volume measures)

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Source: ABS Cat. No. 5206.0.

Table 4: Real Household Income(a)

Table 4: Real Household Income(a)

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a) Deflated by the implicit price deflator for private final consumption expenditure.

Source: ABS Cat. Nos. 5204.0 and 5206.0.


Table 5: Wages, Labour Costs and Company Income

Table 5: Wages, Labour Costs and Company Income

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(a) Ratio of nominal hourly labour costs (non-farm compensation of employees, plus payroll tax and fringe benefits tax less employment subsidies, per hour worked by non-farm wage and salary earners) to average hourly productivity (real gross non-farm product per hour worked by all employed persons).

(b) Nominal unit labour costs as defined in footnote (a) deflated by the derived implicit price deflator for gross non-farm product. (Base for index: 1986-87 = 100.0)

(c) Compensation of employees as a share of gross domestic product at factor cost.

(d) Gross operating surplus of corporations as a share of gross domestic product at factor cost. (Base for index: 1986-87 = 100.0)

Sources: ABS Cat. Nos. 5204.0, 5206.0, 5222.0 and 6302.0.

Table 6: Prices

Table 6: Prices

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(a) Based on the eight capital cities consumer price index.

(b) ABS estimate based on Treasury methodology. An article on the construction of this estimate appeared in the Summer 1995 edition of Economic Roundup.

(c) Quarterly figures are derived from seasonally adjusted data.

Sources: ABS Cat. Nos. 6401.0 and 5206.0.

Table 7: Labour Market

Table 7: Labour Market

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Sources: ANZ Bank and ABS Cat. No. 6202.0.

Table 8: Balance of Payments

Table 8: Balance of Payments

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(a) The ratio of the implicit price deflator for exports of goods and services to the implicit price deflator for imports of goods and services, 1996-97 = 100,
calculated on a National Accounts basis.

Sources: ABS Cat. Nos. 5368.0, 5302.0, 5204.0 and 5206.0.

Table 9: Australia's External Liabilities

Table 9: Australia's External Liabilities

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Source: ABS Cat. Nos. 5302.0 and 5206.0.

Table 10: Australia’s Income Flows


Table 10: Australia's Income Flows

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Source: ABS Cat. No. 5302.0.

Table 11: Selected Economic Indicators

Table 11: Selected Economic Indicators

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(a) ABS National Accounts measure. All numbers derived from seasonally adjusted data.

(b) A discussion of these indices and detailed figures covering the period from the September quarter 1970 to the March quarter 1983 may be found in a supplement to the July 1983 Roundup of Economic Statistics titled 'International Comparisons of Relative Price and Cost Levels'.

(c) The weights used are based on a 3 year moving average of Australia's imports from the US, Japan, UK and Germany. The four countries are the source of about 45 per cent of Australia's imports. Observations are quarterly averages. A rise (fall) implies a deterioration (improvement) in Australian costs and prices relative to the four countries above after adjusting for exchange rate changes.

(d) The CPI based index is the ratio of the Australian Consumer Price Index to the weighted geometric average of the exchange rate adjusted consumer price indices of Australia's four major import sources.

(e) The GDP deflator based index is the ratio of the GDP deflator for Australia to the weighted geometric average of the exchange rate adjusted GDP deflator of Australia's four major import sources.

(f) The unit labour cost based index is the ratio of unit labour costs in the non-farm sector of the Australian economy to the weighted geometric average of the exchange rate adjusted unit labour costs in the business sector for Australia's four major import sources.

(g) Ratio of household saving to household disposable income.

(h) Quarterly data are seasonally adjusted except for the trade weighted index and the nominal exchange rate.

(i) Period Average, May 1970 = 100.

Sources: ABS Cat. Nos. 5206.0 and 5302.0.