This Tax Expenditures Statement (TES) provides details on the financial benefits that individuals and businesses derive from taxation concessions of various kinds. These concessions are usually delivered by tax exemptions, tax deductions, tax rebates or reduced tax rates. They lower the tax burden by either reducing or delaying the collection of taxation revenue.
The benefits provided by the tax concessions could equally be delivered in the form of direct expenditures (outlays). The Government can use taxation concessions to allocate resources to different activities in much the same way that it can use direct expenditure programmes. For this reason, and noting their direct impact on the underlying budget deficit, these concessions are generally called ‘tax expenditures’.