Child Care Availability, Quality and Affordability: Are Local Problems Related to Maternal Labour Supply?

Robert Breunig and Xiaodong Gong
Publication type


We examine whether subjective responses to survey questions about child care availability, quality, and cost, aggregated at the local geographical level, have any explanatory power in models of workforce participation and labour supply. We find that married women who live in areas with more reports of lack of availability, low quality, or costly childcare work less than women in areas with fewer reported difficulties with child care. We find this effect on both the hours of labour supplied and on the part-time/full-time choice. We find almost no effects for lone parents.